My personal "Interpretive" Lens!
"One thing has always been true: That book ... or ... that person who can give me an idea or a new slant on an old idea is my friend." - Louis L'Amour
"Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider..." - Francis Bacon
"What is true today may be reevaluated as false not long after. Judgements are frequently based upon a set of "temporary" circumstances surrounding them. Conflicting ideologies can exist simultaneously. Antagonistic dualities are complementary aspects of a unified whole: are seen as mutually dependent mirror images of each other." - Nahum Stiskin
Warning, Caveat and Note: The postings on this blog are my interpretation of readings, studies and experiences therefore errors and omissions are mine and mine alone. The content surrounding the extracts of books, see bibliography on this blog site, are also mine and mine alone therefore errors and omissions are also mine and mine alone and therefore why I highly recommended one read, study, research and fact find the material for clarity. My effort here is self-clarity toward a fuller understanding of the subject matter. See the bibliography for information on the books.
Note: I will endevor to provide a bibliography and italicize any direct quotes from the materials I use for this blog. If there are mistakes, errors, and/or omissions, I take full responsibility for them as they are mine and mine alone. If you find any mistakes, errors, and/or omissions please comment and let me know along with the correct information and/or sources.
A person's heart is the same as Heaven and Earth while the blood circulating is similar to the Sun and Moon yet the manner of drinking and spitting is either soft or hard while a person's unbalance is the same as a weight and the body should be able to change direction at any time as the time to strike is when the opportunity presents itself and both the eyes must see all sides as the ears must listen in all directions while the mind must grasp all the tactual data not seen on all sides and not heard in any direction.
A person’s heart is the same as Heaven and Earth while circulatory system is similar to the cycles of the moon and sun yet the breathing methods are either hard or soft while one’s posture should allow one to advance, retreat, engage, and disengage as the body should be able to act in accordance with time and change so that one must enter a state of emptiness (mushin/zanshin) allowing the eyes must see all sides and the ears should listen in all directions while the mind must grasp all the tactual data not seen on all sides and not heard in any direction. - My rendition per translation from Andy Sloane Sensei.
Trigrams, Hexigrams, etc.
The "Hexagram" is also referred to as a "Kua." The hexagram has the distinct feature of lines that are always in motion and in general the new line always enters from below or the bottom line and moves upward through the cycles or stages, i.e. "come into being is line one, beginning is line two, expanding is line three, approaching maximum potential is line four, peaking is line five and line six is passing the peak; turning to the opposite condition.
If you utilize the yarrow stalk method you may have wondered why pull out the first stalk and set it aside. The first stalk is considered the "Observer stalk."
For those of us who especially note the conduct and intent of "Heaven and Earth" in general earth tends to sink and heaven tenets to rise. Therefore when the trigram's heaven and earth are coupled they come together and the time is considered "Heaven on Earth" where we experience the best of "peace, prosperity, and harmony." [Earth trigram over the Heaven trigram where heaven rises and earth sinks bringing them both together, etc.]
As is known there are "eight trigrams" but what is not normally told in the I Ching books is that four of those trigrams are in motion upward, i.e. Ch'ien, Chen, Li, and Tui. The other four are in motion downward, i.e. K'un, Sun, K'an, and Ken.
Example: When in hexagram 29 that talks of danger we come to understand that when ever the upper trigram is that of "K'an (moon)" danger comes from outside or external but if the trigram "K'an" is the lower trigram then the danger comes from within.
It can be difficult determining how one uses or interprets the lines of a trigram/hexagram. Fundamentally, or generally, a particular line in the kua will have meaning to you if the line is moving, if the line is either 2, 3, 4, or 5 where its influenced is subtly by the nuclear trigram/hexagram of which that line is a part of.
Solid Lines are "strong, virtuous, light-giving, and aggressive" while the broken lines are "weak, evil, dark, and gentle."
Lines are considered in the correct positions:
1, 3. 5 = strong, these positions require strong lines to be considered correct.
2. 4. 6 = weak, these positions require weak lines to be considered correct.
When weak lines are in strong positions they are considered unequal to the task at hand. When a strong line is in a weak line position it is considered to aggressive for the task at hand.
Line 1 corresponds to line 4.
Line 2 corresponds to line 5.
Line 3 corresponds to line 6.
When the lines are the same in the corresponding positions, i.e. strong to strong or weak to weak, they oppose/replace each other. When they are different, i.e. sting to weak or weak to strong, they lines are helpful to each other.
Bottom Line: The condition has barely manifested itself.
Line 2: The condition is beginning to grow stronger; being the middle line of the lower trigram, the condition is still under control, usually.
Line 3: Top of lower trigram so the condition grows stronger and is usually unstable due to line 3 about to leave the lower trigram for the upper which is a somewhat dangerous time.
Line 4: Condition approaching maximum potential. If bode good or evil, be cautious. Additional caution is needed due to line 4's position to Line 5 which is generally the ruler. Being close to the ruler can be very good but also dangerous.
Line 5: The condition has reached its maximum potential. Any movement beyond this point will cause the condition to exceed its maximum potential and turn it toward its opposite: fullness to emptiness, increase to decrease, abundance to want.
Top Line: The condition depicted in the kua has exceed its maximum potential and consequently turning toward its opposite condition.
Bottom Line: A newcomer about to join the group, or a subordinate in the lowest position. It lacks any title or influence.
Line 2: Center of the lower trigram; position of leadership but subordinate to line 5; some authority; may have a title; will have some influence with peers or associates.
Line 3: Top of lower trigram; person rising in ranks; person attained some stature; about to advance to upper trigram, i.e. could be dangerous move; time between jumping and landing is dangerous.
Line 4: Next to ruler; fortunate or dangerous position or both depending on circumstances; considered to be rulers minister, able general, partner, or strong vice president; position of trust;
Line 5: Center of upper trigram; ruler position; controls the hexagram/kua; almost always beneficial if opposite of lines 2 and 4 so that conflict is avoided.
Top Line: Great sage who leaves affairs behind; still available for council to ruler; retired person.
Bottom Line: represents earliest time; the time just before the active time;.
Top Line: represents the latest time; the time just after the active time.
Middle Four Lines: represent that time that is active within the situation.
Moving Lines: first moving line usually depicts the immediate action to take or avoid, even if it is in line 2 or higher. Higher moving lines depict later times in the situation. The first moving line refers to NOW or to soon after NOW, and the other line or lines refer to later.]
Lines next to each other hold together if they are different and do not hold together if they are the same. The most important of these are lines 4 and 5. The ruler and the subordinate. The best condition of these two lines is when the ruler, 5, is strong and the subordinate, 4, is weak. The line on top is said to "rest" on the line below and the line below is said to "receive" from the line above.
The broken line resting on a solid line is well supported. The solid line resting on the broken line is not well supported but weak.
If the broken line receives from a solid line above the broken line us benefited because of the strength of that solid line. If a solid line receives from a broken line that solid line is not usually benefited because of the weakness of that broken line.
HEAVEN, EARTH, AND MAN:
The fist two lines represent Earth.
The second two lines represent Man.
The third two lines represent Heaven.
Man in the middle is the entity through which Heaven and Earth interact.
When a hexagram/kua is made up of the same trigram, doubled, the hexagram's name is that of the trigram doubled. If a double trigram then the meaning is "intensified." One must pay extra heed to the guidance given or the situation depicted.
In the sixty-four hexagrams of the book of changes it is not chance that there are ONLY eight hexagrams that are comprised of doubles trigrams, i.e. eight trigrams. It should also be noted that in the book of changes the trigrams are also looked upon thus, i.e. Heaven and Earth trigrams are watched as separate entities while the remaining six trigrams are viewed similar to the six lines of a hexagram.
The hexagram numbers of doubled trigrams are, 1, 2, 29, 30, 51, 52, 57, and 58.
As to whether the six lines and the six trigrams that are doubled, while observing and paying attention to the two trigrams Heaven and Earth, have any relationship/meaning is unknown at this time. I suspect that there is and hope to find that answer in the future.
Wei, Wu. The I Ching Workbook. Malibu California: power-press. 2005